The application of alternative heating technologies depends on the requirements for melt quality, productivity and energy efficiency. In principle either electrically or gas-fired furnaces can be used. In this context, with respect to costs the local pricing for the alternative energy play a decisive role.Gas Heating
Gas-fired furnaces are ideal for melting, particularly if equipped with exhaust gas discharge over the crucible edge. Side exhaust gas discharge is best if a high melt quality is required. However, a higher melt quality means a lower energy efficiency since a fuel-fired furnace with side exhaust gas discharge consumes approx. 20-25 % more energy than a furnace with an exhaust gas discharge over the crucible edge.
Fuel-fired furnaces provide for optimal energy efficiency in combination with highest melt quality due to their burner system that includes heat recovery via recuperator. The hot exhaust gases from the furnace preheat the combustion air for the burner via a heat exchanger. This system leads to savings of up to 25 % compared to conventional fuel-fired furnaces with a side exhaust gas discharge.Electric Heating
If the melt quality and energy efficiency take priority, an electrically heated furnace is the best choice. The heating is controlled very steadily and precisely. The melt is not polluted through immissions from a fuel-fired heating. Electrically heated furnaces can achieve up to 85 % of the melting performance of fuel-fired furnaces with a side exhaust gas discharge. If the furnaces are used only for holding, we recommend the T…/10 models, which are very energy efficient due to their very good insulation and reduced connected load.